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Course Faculty

John Oglesby, MA
Associate Professor of Biblical Education and Leadership

Christopher Cone, ThD, PhD, PhD
Research Professor of Biblical Education and Leadership

Jeff Christianson, PhD
Professor of Science and Worldview

Stephen Lewis, PhD
Distinguished Professor of Biblical Education and Leadership

Martin Cochran, MEd
Assistant Professor of Biblical Education and Leadership

PHIL1101 is an introduction into the various belief systems that constitute worldviews with an emphasis on issues of epistemology, logic, and critical thinking.

CBU Bachelor of Ed (120 Hours) Program Info

Course Description

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Course Syllabus

Course Syllabus / PHIL1101 Intro to Critical Thought

Christopher Cone, Th.D, Ph.D, Ph.D

John Oglesby, MA

Stephen Lewis, Ph.D

Jeff Christianson, PhD

Martin Cochran



John Oglesby is the Chief Academic Officer and Professor at Vyrsity. John Oglesby received his BS in Bible and Theology as well as his MA in Bible and Theology at Calvary University. He is currently working towards completion in his Doctor of Philosophy in Bible and Theology at Calvary University. John Oglesby has taught courses in Hermeneutic theory, philosophy and worldview, amongst other relevant topics.

Dr. Christopher Cone is the professor of record for the course. He serves as President and CEO of AgathonEDU Educational Group. Cone has served as President of Calvary University and as Research Professor of Bible and Theology, in executive and faculty roles at Southern California Seminary as Chief Academic Officer and Research Professor of Bible and Theology, and at Tyndale Theological Seminary as President and Professor of Bible and Theology. He has served in several pastoral roles and has also held teaching positions at the University of North Texas, North Central Texas College, and Southern Bible Institute. His articles are published at, and he is the author and general editor of fifteen books.



PHIL1101 is an introduction into the various belief systems that constitute worldviews with an emphasis on issues of epistemology, logic, and critical thinking.



Module 1 Presuppositions in Critical Thought

Cone, p. 11–85, 141–169


Does everyone have presuppositions? Are there correct and incorrect first principles? Dr. Christopher Cone addresses the topic of presuppositions and their relationship with critical thought.


Module 2 Hermeneutic Centrality in Critical Thought

Cone, p. 153-265

John Oglesby presents the importance and priority of hermeneutics within the discipline of Critical Thought. Why is hermeneutics so important? What is its relationship with critical thinking?


Module 3 Transformative Models for Critical Thought

Stephen Lewis presents biblical case studies of critical thinking and logic. Is there a biblical model presented? What prescriptions and models are found within the Scriptures?


Module 4 Epistemology and the Study of Knowledge: An Introduction

How do you know anything? Can facts be ascertained? If so, at what level and how might that be achieved? The study of epistemology asks questions of knowledge and how we, as mankind, might understand the reality in which we find ourselves. Epistemology has been ground-zero for debate amongst philosophers for millennia. The learner, after this module, will understand the foundational aspects of the questions of knowledge.


Module 5 Epistemology: Comparing Systems

Descartes, p. 6–32

Hume, p. xvii–9

Nietzsche, p. 260–271


John Oglesby presents and compares various systems of epistemology from the most influential thinkers such as Descartes, Hume, Nietzsche, and God. Is there a correct model of thinking? If so, which might it be?


Module 6 Introduction to Logic

Poythress, p. 24–79
Christopher Cone presents and introduction to the world of Logic and presents various subcategories within the discipline.


Module 7 Logical Fallacies

Poythress, p. 80-133


Marty Cochran presents a wide variety of logical fallacies which the Learner should avoid whenever working through arguments.


Module 8 Implications of Epistemology and Logic within Worldview

Cone, p. 267-344


Steve Lewis presents contemporary implications when working with logic and worldview. What are the implications behind epistemology and logic–thinking critically? What if you get it wrong, or, you get it right? Why does it matter and how does it affect you? Critical thinking certainly impacts those hard questions that philosophy tends to focus on, but it also impacts those day-to-day questions and conversations. After this module, the learner will understand the importance of critical thinking within various areas of life.


Module 9 Technology and Critical Thought

Dr. Jeff Christianson presents various areas of discussion within technology and critical thought such as the importance of thinking critically whenever approaching various forms of technology.


Module 10 Science and Worldview

Dr. Jeff Christianson addresses issues of Science, worldview, and critical thought. How does the discipling of thinking critically play out whenever undergirding science with the Biblical worldview?


Required Texts:

  • All CBU courses use the Bible as a primary textbook. Translations used for coursework include any of the following: NASB, ESV, KJV, and NKJV. Other translations/versions may be used for complementary study and research.
  • Cone, Christopher, Prolegomena on Biblical Hermeneutics and Method (Hurst, TX: Tyndale Seminary Press, 2012), ISBN: 978-1938484032, $21.00
  • Descartes, Rene, Meditations on First Philosophy (Cambridge University Press, 1911), Electronic Version Provided, 6–32.
  • Hume, David, Treatise of Human Nature: An Attempt to Introduce Experimental Method of Reasoning into Moral Subjects (London, Edinburgh: Clarendon Press, 1896), Electronic Version Provided, xvii–9.
  • Neitzsche, Friedrich, Will to Power (New York, NY: Random House, 1967), Electronic Version Provided, 260–271.
  • Poythress, Vern Sheridan, Logic: A God-Centered Approach to the Foundation of Western Thought (Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2013), ISBN: 978-1-4335-3229-0, $45.00




Course Learning Outcomes (CLOs)

  1. Learners will understand foundational aspects of epistemology and logic. (VLO 1, 2)
  2. Learners will compare various understandings of epistemology. (VLO 4)
  3. Learners will identify logical forms and fallacies among various arguments. (VLO 1)
  4. Learners will operate logically within their own worldview. (VLO 1, 2)
  5. Learners will employ critical thinking when viewing the world. (VLO 1, 2, 5)


Program Learning Outcomes (PLOs)


  1. To prepare Learners for roles in transformative education teaching and service.
  2. To provide Learners a foundation for effective individual and organizational leadership in diverse environments.
  3. To ensure Learners demonstrate worldview foundation for empowering people and building communities.
  4. To help Learners formulate a Biblical approach to transformative learning and leadership.


CBU Learning Outcomes (CBULOs)

  1. Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, and Research – Learners will demonstrate ability to think critically, solve problems, and conduct interdisciplinary research at a level appropriate to their program.
  2. Personal Growth – Learners will understand how learning is related to personal growth, and will be challenged to grow in their thinking, communication, conduct, and engagement with others.
  3. Skills Development – Learners will advance in skills related to their area of learning, demonstrating a level of competency appropriate to their program.
  4. Social Responsibility – Learners will appreciate the diversity in and value of others as designed by our Creator, and will grow in willingness and capability to serve others.
  5. Worldview Applications – Learners will become capable at thinking from a worldview perspective and will understand the relationship of description and prescription, so that they can ground their actions in sound principles.


  2. Module Assessments (25 points each x 10) 250 Points (Multiple Choice)
    1. CLO 1 / PLO 3,4 / VLO 1,2
  3. Course Content Assessment             250 Points (Multiple Choice)
    1. CLO 2 / PLO 3,4 / VLO 3,5
  4. Reading Content Assessment             250 Points (Multiple Choice)
    1. CLO 1 / PLO 3,4 / VLO 1,2
  5. Competency Assessment – [2-3 Competency assessment ideas. See below for an example. Delete the examples below before publishing your final syllabus. They are for example purposes only]
    1. Writing: Write a 3000 word paper on a topic related to worldview and critical thinking.
    2. Interview: Interview a religious or philosophical leader who would not agree with your worldview regarding one’s interpretive method. Create a 30-minute video recapping the interview and assessing implications of the other’s views.
    3. Recorded Presentation: Give a 45-60 minute presentation on a topic related to worldview and critical thinking.
      1. CLO 3 / PLO 1,2 / VLO 4,5

250 Points



91-100%          A

81-90%            B

71-80%            C

61-70%            D

0-60%              F



Total Hours of Module Content:                    20 hours

Total Hours of Reading Content:                    40 hours

Total Hours of Minor Assessments:               30 hours

Total Hours of Major Assessment:                 30 hours

Total Hours of Competency Assessment:       15 hours

Equivalent of 3 Credit Hour (135 hours of total course time)